Urban Renaissance Gone to the Dogs

Downtown San Diego has gone to the dogs.

Having grown up in San Diego, I’ve thoroughly enjoyed experiencing our downtown’s renaissance. Its revitalization has altered our cultural patterns and social connectivity. Today’s downtown is host to vibrant new neighborhoods, monthly cultural events, and the Gaslamp District’s rise (or demise) to Bourbon Street-esque nuttiness, as well as a baseball park, convention center, new library, and new city hall, the usual suspects of downtown revitalization over the past twenty years.

While I wasn’t around when downtown was vital for its first eighty years or so, I do remember what it was like in the early 1970s. I usually experienced it when my parents would leave me in the car while they shopped or ran errands (they also smoked, spanked, didn’t wear seatbelts or motorcycle helmets, sprayed asbestos everywhere, and used bleach to clean the Formica while letting me run around unsupervised until nightfall). As a kid, downtown was a scary mix of flop houses, locker rooms for sailors to change their clothes, bars, strip joints, X-rated movie theaters, warehouses, and buildings that people had abandoned for glittery stucco boxes newly built out in the suburbs. Growing up in the land of similar houses, arterials, cul-de-sacs, 7-11’s, those-kids-on-the-other-street, open space easements, freeways under construction, and backyards with a menagerie of dogs and cats, it was like another world.

I distinctly remember locking the car doors and hiding in the back seat.


Today’s downtown has shiny new blocks of residential towers wrapped with townhouses, courtyards, offices, shops, trolley stations and 7-11’s, all sometimes within the same building. Now filled with childless professionals, college students, retired elderly, and rock and stroll hipsters, there are a few faint suburban echoes that still resonate.

Most noticeable are the dogs… a lot of dogs. Dogs everywhere. The homeless and late night drunkards can no longer be blamed for the prevalent stench of urine in our city streets as every hipster and retiree are prancing all over downtown with little Chihuahuas and giant Great Danes. It seems everyone I pass has a plastic baggy filled with doggie-doo in his or her hand, thereby making the handshake or polite wave a real adventure. Plus, trash cans are filled with the stuff.

Hangin' out on the stoop in downtown San Diego.

The numbers of retail shops that cater to dogs nearly outnumber those for people. You pass several dog washes, dog sitters, dog groomers, dog toys, personal dog trainers, and dog psychotherapy stores before finally finding a restaurant. Dog-friendly, of course.

Can you imagine a barbeque restaurant without dogs?! It's barbaric!

Downtown’s playground structures are stained yellow as these are the only outdoor places dog owners can walk to, and everyone is frustrated with this. Both the dog owners, with few places to go, and those eleven moms who live downtown, watching their kids climb all over deserted playgrounds.

Dogs are now common downtown for three main reasons: First, our suburban generation grew up with a population explosion of dogs in the backyard where they mostly served as guards, playmates and/or walking companions. Second, since the 1980s, the dog’s role as protector has changed to now serve as emotional support for their owners. And, third, dogs have proven to be great social connectors.

Today, we all understand the social advantages of urban neighborhoods over suburban developments. However, in re-inhabiting our downtown, we wrongly assumed that social interactions would be based around shopping as a leisure activity and over-zoned our ground floors with commercial space while under planning for interactive civic space. Due to the economic downturn and mechanical-scaled towers, many people are not able to publicly display themselves on a front porch, stoop, step or balcony, as the majority of downtown’s tower blocks are accessed through a private, guarded lobby entrance.

Interestingly, people have gotten around this designing-for-fear-and-security mistake by using the pretense of walking or caring for pets to socialize on city streets.

Want to meet that attractive single person walking down the street? Rather than the initial, awkward interruption necessary to introduce each other and talk face-to-face, it’s easier to begin talking about that cute dog first. Then people can ease into a conversation over a coffee, make plans to meet up for drinks after work, and then finally end up discussing the need to move out of downtown when a kid starts to show up several months later. Voila… urbanism works its magic again!

Interestingly, the make and model of your dog now appears to be supplanting the car as our cultural status symbol. Today, people stand around a small park and talk about dogs and breed the way we use to stand around a popped open hood of a car and talk about engine points, heads and manufacturers.

A couple of years ago I helped with downtown San Diego’s Open Space Needs Assessment Plan and the overwhelming priority was the need for a Dog Park. It became a glaring omission in our collective attempt to attract suburbanites to live back downtown. Our residential policies required a minimum number of large, 3-bedroom units and to fund children’s playgrounds as civic spaces, which were intended to attract larger families. The 2005 Community Plan valued green roofs over civic spaces and we still ended up with 80% non-traditional families at fewer (1.5) persons per households but sporting 2.5 dogs that act like dogs in very urban streetscapes. Fortunately, a dog park is now in the works.

As we continue to build more urban developments, these dogs may actually be viewed as an indicator species for designing towards the next urbanism. First, we know that well-defined and varied civic spaces are important to our daily lives for a variety of reasons. Second, we should be allowing for a middle ground between uber-urban towers and sub-urban townhouses. The Vancouver model, a point-tower with a townhouse wrap, is a great invention, but it is only one of several block types in our urban design toolbox. Even Vancouver understands this.

Finally, maybe now we can design our cities as if we are all a little more comfortable inhabiting an urban environment. In response to walking the dog, we are now able to build more humane and varied buildings that front the street. We can build more units and frontages that are exposed directly to the street and civic spaces. And, we can actually dare to reconfigure our 1950’s one-way streets downtown into complete streets, configured for all users rather than just efficient car mobility.

In fact, when it finally comes time to get the ball rolling with an awkward, face-to-face conversation with my local traffic engineer and fire marshall, I think I’ll use a cute little dog to break the ice.

And to bite ’em, if they prove too obstinate.

–Howard Blackson


  1. Great article. That white dog is really cute.

  2. Wait, Howard, is that your dog? It is cute! Good points — culture shapes the built environment, which in turn shapes culture.

  3. Michaela says


    Great article, Howard.

  4. I was re-reading Leon Krier’s afterword in DPZ’s ‘Towns and Town-Making Principles (1991),’ who said, “In the USA the privatization of most aspects of civil society has resulted in the disappearance of street and square as safe civic spaces… The desertion of the public realm is, in privileged areas, mitigated by an archipelago of privately owned and sponsored safe places in the form of shopping malls, hotel atria, office plazas, airport lounges, school campuses… These are to a neutral observer like safe-stations in a generally uncivil environment.” Leon reminded me that the prevalence of dogs downtown are directly related to the element of ‘safety’ that they bring to re-inhabiting downtown. When the dogs are gone, then we will have achieved a sense of civitas and feel safe in our own urban skin. Right now we have to figure out how to tame the streets and build quality civic spaces without a state-structured redevelopment authority (see ‘Coding for Character’ blog here for how I would approach such).

  5. Daniel Ubovich says

    Howard, I like your article on “Gone to the Dogs”, I using some of it a speech I am giving about Biophollia in a way where man’s connection to nature via the companionship and the caring for animals has gone astray. Especially in urban environments (as you described); Residents of a “nature-less” surroundings convey their need for nature through their animals. Urban settings need more aesthetic, symbolic and utilitarian connections to nature!

  6. Maritn Poirier says

    Howard, Thanks for the dialogue – this is indeed a significant cultural phenomena for San Diego – but has been the bane of great cities like Paris for centuries. Changing human behavior for pet waste care is dubious, but it does help to make space for pets. Much like William Whyte’s observation that people sit where there are seats, the obvious first steps for making pet waste care easier is to provide the space for the animal’s needs along with social space for people. I can happily report that the Downtown San Diego Public Open Space Implementation Plan is poised to not only implement off-leash dog parks in multiple park locations per the Community Plan, it also is creating “Promenades” – 32′ wide pedestrian park corridors on 6 downtown streets – Union, 8th, 14th, Cedar, C, and Island. These Promenades make the long sought-after linkages between Balboa Park and the Bay as well as to parks and surrounding neighborhoods. Along each Promenade, a series of recreation experiences – including dog serving zones – will be created. Look for a Public Open House later this summer to present the plans.


  1. […] San Diego emulates the Vancouver Model.As with the rest of the US west, ours is a relatively new downtown with a renewed purpose and vitality. But, it took the perceived design safety of the Vancouver model to teach us that downtown was safe again. With its security-guarded common entry lobbies, urban dwellers are effectively sequestered behind their gated stoops. Add the safety of the townhouse wrap and you’ve got a strong sell that downtown can embody the aesthetic comforts of suburbia. In response, here in San Diego, bored suburbanites were lured back downtown. […]

  2. […] he noted that if the city was good for dogs, it was likely to be pretty good for people, too.   Dogs may be an indicator species for designing urban spaces and here’s another piece suggesting what a  dog’s eye view […]

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