Get to Know the Awkwardly-Named “Terminated Vista”

Having worked in communities big and small across the continent, we’ve had ample opportunity to test ideas and find approaches that work best. Urban design details. Outreach tactics. Implementation tricks. Many of these lessons are transferable, which is why we’ve created “Back of the Envelope,” a weekly feature where we jot ’em down for your consideration.

I’ll admit it: I wish there was a more user-friendly way to say “terminated vista.”

Perhaps I’m more sensitive to it because, as regular readers here know, I’m not an urban designer. I just work with them. That means I’m more inclined to scratch my head like any other layperson when I hear wonky expressions that sound far too highfalutin for an everyday community.

That’s too bad, because the terminated vista plays a pivotal role in good community design.

Basically, “vista” refers to your view as you look down a street or corridor. “Terminated” refers to any building, object or feature serving as the focal point and blocking the view from extending further.

Think about when a street angles or dead-ends into another street. For the person heading that way, that spot becomes a focal point of greater prominence, so an urban designer would tell you its building should reflect that. Depending on the importance of the street, the parcel might be suited to an important civic building or monument. Downtown or on Main Street, it might be a church or prominent commercial anchor. Or, in an everyday context, the occupying building should simply make a small architectural nod to its surroundings, noting that it recognizes its enhanced role in community aesthetics and wants to contribute.

According to designers, there’s a variety of reasons for doing this. In their handy compendium, “The Smart Growth Manual,” authors Andres Duany, Jeff Speck and Mike Lydon, explain:

“Street networks that include staggered intersections, deflections, and slight curves improve spatial definition and orientation by creating memorable visual events .. When a street vista terminates on a building, it should reciprocate by placing a special architectural element on axis.”

This, they assert, speaks to community values, contributes to the cues of basic navigation, and reduces car speeds.

Personally, as a layperson, I like them for another reason: They make our communities more interesting, and interesting places engage people at a more intimate, emotional level. When we talk of making places more pedestrian friendly, we often focus on sidewalks, road geometries and diversity of destinations but it’s less often that we also focus on delight — the visual candy that engages our senses as we travel from point A to point B.

At the end of the day, you can build complete streets that provide safe, walkable destinations and amenities but if the surrounding environment’s a bore then it’s a bore and walkability suffers as a result.

As my colleague, Nathan Norris, chides regularly in his Design 101 tutorials: Don’t bore the humans.

Leverage the power of delight. Terminated vistas, both grand and simple, used to be an everyday part of community building. It was just how we did things.

We could do so again. Below are a number of Flickr examples — some old, some new. Roll-over and click for photo credit.

–Scott Doyon

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  1. Scott, do you know the story of the terminated vista on Chapel Hill at the Waters? (it’s your next-to-last photo above.) The Waters hired PlaceMakers to do an architectural pattern book years ago when I was a partner, but when Nathan and I went down for the second meeting with the landowner, we couldn’t shut up about how bad the plan was… 800 units of bona-fide sprawl. So they said “what would you do?” Before answering, they took us on a tour of the property. We bounced around in the LandRover for awhile, then the landowner stopped and said “we have a real problem here. We’ve gotta figure out what to do with that pile of dirt over there.” “What pile of dirt,” I asked? He pointed to a hill a couple hundred yards to starboard. “What’s wrong with it where it sits?” I asked. “It doesn’t work with the cul-de-sac,” he explained. “You’ve gotta be kidding me!!!” I nearly shouted. “You take the hill, put a chapel on it, line a street up with it, and call it Chapel Hill, of course! You design your plan around a place like that… you don’t bulldoze it!” I think that exchange, as much as anything else, probably got us the job. I’ll remember it for the rest of my life: the haggard contrast between working with the land and destroying it.

  2. Steve, I never heard this story, thanks for sharing. Now if they would just park their cars in the back….:)

  3. Matt Korner says

    Chapel Hill is one of the best examples of the terminated vista. The proportions of the visual corridor are deliciously elegant.

  4. Ah Scott, if you think terminated vista is geeky, try perspectival terminus. The architects are worse than the planners.

  5. You just made that up! Right?

  6. Susan, I’ve got you down for an upcoming “Perspectival Terminus” post!

  7. I don’t think the term is geeky, I think it sounds depressing. It’s not any less geeky, and may be even more so, but I used to call them “processional spaces,” before (I guess Andres) coined “terminated vista.” I still like it better, because it reminds us of the purpose of it. If we think of it as processional, then it’s clear why it may not necessarily work on the end of a main thoroughfare, and why, for instance, Macy’s is not the most appropriate possible goal for it. “Space” also puts the emphasis on what matters, since “vista” suggests a wide-open view just as well.

    Note, there are plenty of very famous processional spaces that are lined with shops, such as Vezelay.


  1. […] this year, we discussed the terminated vista. Montreal elevates the conversation. Terminating the vista of Rue Saint-Denis, […]

  2. […] makes for potent symbolism at ground level — as opposed to the skyline — is the “terminating vista.” It is worth looking at how the terminating vista is being treated in Jerusalem these […]

  3. […] creates for effective symbolism during building theatre — as against to a skyline — is a “terminating vista.” it’s value holding a demeanour during how a terminating perspective is being rubbed in […]

  4. […] – just like the line of sight from the Jefferson Memorial to the White House. A double terminating vista makes for a really breathtaking walk and stirred a lot of civic emotions in this urban planner / […]

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